Pattern making also called pattern cutting is the process of designing garment patterns for a fashion drawing.
A pattern is a term in sewing and fashion design that is referred to the paper or cardboard template from which the parts of a garment are traced onto fabric before cutting out and assembling the fabrics int a garment.
A custom-fitted basic pattern is a premade template from which patterns for many different styles can be created. It is called a sloper for home sewer or a block for industrial production.
The flat-pattern method begins with the creation of a sloper or block, a basic pattern made from body measurements.
The pattern block or sloper is usually made of lightweight cardboard or tagboard, without seam allowances or style details. Pattern or sloper shape can be further refined form its original look by making a series of mock-up garments with a less expensive fabric called toile or muslins.
The final block or sloper can be used to create patterns for many styles of garments with varying necklines, sleeves, dart designs and garment shapes.
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF A PATTERN MAKER?
A pattern maker creates a prototype, similar to an actual garment design to be made. They test the prototype pattern to be made by using a less expensive fabric called the muslin or toile.
Muslin fabrics are inexpensive fabrics that are easy to work with when making garment prototypes.
The prototype garment made from the pattern can be adjusted by pinning the fabric around the body or a dress form.
The sewer cuts the patterns on the muslin using the same method that they will use for the actual garment, according to a pattern. The muslin pieces are then fit together and other adjustments are made.
This provides the sewer with pre-made shapes to use as a guideline for marking out the pattern pieces and cutting the fabric for the finished garment.
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